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これ読んだんですけど、自分は世界史を理解してなかったので分からなくて翻訳アプリ使ったんですけどそれでも分からなかったので分かる方できれば解読お願いします┏●

Denmark in World War II お んれ By Hannah Arendt Hannab Arendt (1906-1975) was a political scientist! and pbilosopber born in Hanover, Germany. Wben Hitler came to power, sbe was forced to leave Germany and came to the United States in 1940. Sbe continued ber academic career by lecturing and teacbing at arious colleges, including The New Scbool for Social Researcb in New York City. Among the many books sbe urote were Eichmann in Jerusalem, On Revolution, and The Origins of Totalitarianism. Editor's Insert During the Second World War. the Germans invaded Denmark in April, 1940. In the beginning of her essay, Hannah Arendt explains that of the four countries almost completely immune to anti-Semitism- Denmark, Sweden, Italy, and Bulgaria Denmark challenged its German masters directly. As soon as the German authorities talked about forcing Jews to wear the yellow badge,' the Danes replied that all Danish citizens, including the King, would be wearing it the next day if the policy were carried out. In addition, all Danish government officials threatened 舌は the German authorities with their immediate resignation if the Germans started to implement any anti-Jewish actions. The following excerpt from Eicbmann in Jerusatem shows how the Danes sabotaged the German plan to carry out the mass extermination of the Jews. only 2タカ人の What happened then was truly amazing; compared with what took place in other European countries, everything went topsy-turvey. In August, ー after the German offensive in Russia had failed, the Afrika Korns 1943 had surrendered in Tunisia, and the Allies had invaded Italy すgovernment canceled its 1940 agreement with Germany which had permitted German troops the right to pass through the country. Thereupon. the Danish workers decided that they could help a bit in hurrying things そのうえに up: riots broke out in Danish shipyards, where the dock workers refused to repair German ships and then went on strike. The German militarv commander proclaimed a state of emergency and imposed martial la and Himmler thought this was the right moment to tackle the Te the Swedish す。 (continued on next page) themselves as Jews secret police), and overseer of the concentration camps
question, whose “solution" was long overdue. What he did not reckon with was that - the German quite apart from the Danish resistance officials who had been living in the country for years were no longer the same. Not only did General von Hannecken, the military commander, refuse to put troops at the disposal of the Reich plenipotentiary, Dr. Werner Best; the special S.S. units (Einsatz-kommandos) employed in Denmark very frequently objected to "the measures they were ordered to carry out by the central agencies" of Nuremberg. And Best himself, an old Gestapo man and former legal adviser to Heydrich,* author of a then famous book on the police, who had worked for the military government in Paris to the entire satisfaction of his superiors, could not longer be trusted, although it is doubtful that Berlin ever learned the extent of his unreliability. Best went to Berlin and obtained a promise that all Jews from Denmark would be sent to Theresienstadt’ regardless of their category - a very important concession, from the Nazis' point of view. The night of October 1 was set for their seizure and immediate departure the harbor l and sinee neither the Danes nor the Jews nor the German troops stationed in Denmark could be relied on to help, police units arrived from Germany fora door-to-door search. At the last moment, Best told them that they were not permitted to break into apartments, because the Danish police might then interfere, and they were not supposed to fight it out with the Danes. Hence they could seize only those Jews who voluntarily opened their doors. They found exactly 477 people,° out of a total of more than 7,800, at home and willing to let them in. A few days before the date of doom, a Germ having probably been tipped off] plan to Danish government of価dals, the heads of the Jewish community. They, in marked contrast to Jewish leaders in other countries, had then communicated the news openly in the synagogues on the occasion of the New Year services. The Jews had just time enough to leave their apartments and go into hiding, which was very easy in Denmark, because, in the words of the judgment, "all sections of the Danish people, from the King down to simple citizens," stood ready to receive them. according to Best's testimony 2 ships were ready in 高5えること とに なて.3 shipping agent, Georg F. Duckwitz, Best himself, had revealed the whole who, in turn, had hurriedly informed 者に っうだ 3Dr. Werner Best (1903-1989) served as civilian administrator of France and Denmark while these countries were under Nazi occupation during World War II. At the Nuremberg trials after the war, Best referred to his complicated "dual role." Although he was extradited to Denmark and originally given the death penalty, he was soon reieased from prison after an appeal based on the idea that "he had done his best." *Reinhart Heydrich was a high-ranking Nazzi official during World War II, known as "the hangman." He was one of the main architects of the Holocaust and was assassinated by members of the Czech resistance in 1942. STheresienstadt, Czechoslovakia: a transit camp, in Nazi propaganda billed as a “spa" for elderly Jews. More than 33,000 people were killed there, and 90,000, including children, were sent from there to death camps further east. 6 These 477 people went to Theresienstadt, and most of them were saved because of the intervention of the Danish government and King Christian, who insisted they be seenby the Red Cross.
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