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4 Reading Read the following passage and answer the questions. India has one of the oldest and largest film industries in the world. Graph 1 shows that, when it comes to the number of films made a year, India comes first, producing easily more films than the U.S. This has put the Indian city *Mumbai in the center of the global film industry. 2000 LESSON [Graph 1] Film Production (2015) 1500 5 One of the most common features of Indian films is that they have a lot of singing and dancing scenes. Songs often comment on the action taking place in the film. A song may be part of the *plot, so a character has a reason to sing. It may express a character's thoughts, or an event in the film, such as two characters falling in love. Some say that the reason for so much singing and dancing is because India is a 1o *multi-lingual country. Many different languages are spoken in India. As shown in Graph 2, by far the most common is *Hindi, which is used by nearly half of the population. Hindi is followed by *Bengali, *Telugu and many others. However, most people can enjoy the singing and dancing scenes, even if they don't understand the language spoken in the film. quifi 15 Among the Indian films, there are films in Hindi, Bengali, *Tamil, and so on. The ones in Hindi are called "*Bollywood" films (named after “Hollywood”) and are gaining huge popularity in and outside of the country. Its films are watched throughout Southern Asia and across many areas in the world, reaching over 90 countries. Indian cinema has become a global power. LENGLASU 1000 500 時制 0 France Britain the States China Japan India Napq?! 2-4 * 1642 Hindi Marathi /100 [Graph 2] Speakers of Languages in India (2011) 20 * Mumbai: AVR plot (話) 筋 multi-lingual: 多言語の Bengali : ベンガル語 Telugu: テルグ語 Tamil : タミル語 Bollywood : ボリウッド ※本書では,アメリカ発音, イギリス発音, オーストラリア発音の音声を扱っています。 ファッ Reading の CDトラック番号の横にそれぞれを米・英・豪で示しています。 40 Bengali Telugu Tamil Others Hindi : ヒンディー語 (256 words)
Words & Phrases 1 film 5 feature 8 event 13 even if 1 industry 6 take place in ~ 8 fall in love 16 gain 2 when it comes to~ 7 character u 11 by far 17 huge 1 Comprehension Check! a. The oldest and largest film company in India. b. The history and future of Indian films. c. The features and popularity of Indian cinema. d. Differences between Bollywood and Hollywood films. 4 global ☐7 express 112 nearly ) 17 popularity LESSON 1 (3) ( 5 common 8 thought 12 follow 17 throughout 2 Questions [1] 下線部①の has become と同じ用法のものを選びなさい。 a. Akira has been to Europe twice. b. I have lived in Tokyo for two years. c. They have met before.on amod d. Jane has lost her umbrella. [2] Why do Indian films have a lot of singing and dancing scenes? Answer in two Answer in two English sentences. (各3点) What is the passage mainly about? (4点) Answer the following questions. ) anst [liw vils? [3] ヒンディー語について正しいものをすべて選びなさい。 a. インドで半数以上の人々が話している。 b. インドで最も多くの人々に話される言語である。 c. ベンガル語とテルグ語を話す人々を足したよりも多くの人々が話す。ludsool V d. タミル語を話す人々のちょうど2倍の人々が話す。 [4] 「ボリウッド」 映画とは何か。 日本語で説明しなさい。 noljqo 123d 9rl) 9200r) (65) I choose the best answer for each question. [5] グラフの内容と一致するものをa~dから1つ選びなさい。 (6点) (6点) branco d a. In 2018, the States produced the second largest number of films in the world. b. France and Britain produced almost the same number of films in 2015. c. Most of the people who speak Hindi also speak English. d. Marathi is spoken by one-third of Indians. pdi sagolnib 3 Listening Quiz Listen to the recording and put T (True) or F (False) in the brackets. (1) ( (2) ( ) (6点) 4 (各2点) 5
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