經濟學 第二章 The Economic Problem
malaria cases on the y-axis. On your graph, (1) Draw a marginal cost curve and a marginal benefit curve that are consistent with Bruno Moonen's opinion. (ii) Identify the quantity of malaria eradicated that achieves allocative efficiency. 1 ? Gains from Trade Use the following data to work Problems 18 and 19. Fadi can produce 10 baklavas (a Turkish pastry) or 250 bars of chocolate an hour. Hania can produce 30 baklavas or 90 bars of chocolate an hour. 18. a. Calculate Fadi's opportunity cost of a baklava and Hania's opportunity cost of a baklava. b. If each spends 30 minutes of each hour baking baklavas and 30 minutes producing chocolate, how many baklavas and chocolate bars does each produce? c. Who has a comparative advantage in produc- ing (1) baklavas and (ii) chocolate bars? 19. a. Draw a graph of Fadi's PPF and Hania's PPF and show the point at which each produces when they spend 30 minutes of each hour producing baklavas and 30 minutes producing chocolate bars. b. On your graph, show what Fadi produces and what Hania produces when they specialize.
92 CHAPTER 2 The Economic Problem Econo 23. O ed W c. When they specialize and trade, what are the total gains from trade? d. If Fadi and Hania share the total gains equally, what trade takes place between them? 20. Pierre and Antoinette produce cellos and double basses. The tables show their produc- tion possibilities. Pierre produces 30 cellos and 50 basses a month; Antoinette produces 40 cel- los and 10 basses a month. odo a. b. C. d. e. Pierre's Production Possibilities Cellos Basses (units per month) (units per month) 50 and 0 40 25 30 and 20 and 75 and 0 100 and 125 and Econon 24. Aft 50 10 on a. Antoinette's Produs