英文
高中

如果明天只剩男生,世界會多無聊
老師是寫
If there were boys left only tomorrow~
但為何were後面可以只接加left?

解答

Choosen As Best Answer

only放的位置很不好,會讓人誤解
這叫做ambiguous modifier
到底是修飾前面的boys left還是tomorow?
應放在要想要修飾物的前面,讓語意更明確
If there were only boys left tomorrow, how boring would the world be?

left這邊是leave的p.p.
直接放在名詞後面,是當做形容詞
來後衛修飾前面的名詞,表示被留下/剩餘的

以很文法來解釋的話,這是分詞構句,從關代簡化來的
There were boys who were left = There were boys left
分詞構句的簡化就是把關代跟be動詞刪掉,剩下分詞

這種在名詞後面直接放分詞來修飾的,應用滿多的
There is no one left = 沒剩下任何人
Is there any food left? = 有剩下任何食物嗎?
Anyone interested can come = 任何感興趣的人都可以來

Si

可是老師後面又寫
if there were to leave only boys~
那為何不是被留下?
不能自己留下,一定要是被動嗎?

Shao

先討論留下這個語意的主被動
我留下鑰匙在桌上
我當主詞時用主動
鑰匙當主詞用被動
留下的鑰匙=被留下的鑰匙
留下的男孩=被留下的男孩
因此中文講"留下的某事物"的這個語意必定是被動語態

我們來仔細研究下面這些句構
以下的語意是一樣的
If + N. + were + to Vr
If there were + N. + Ving
If there were + to Vr + N. (這是一個倒裝句)
特別注意
to+Vr 跟 Ving告訴了我們這N.跟V.之間必須是主動關係

看下面例句
If "any conflict of interest" were "to arise" between my research and HAD,
If there were "any conflict of interest" "arising" between my research and HAD,
If there were "to arise" "any conflict of interest" between my research and HAD,

If "a perfectly sane man" were "to appear in the world"
If there were "a perfectly sane man" "appearing in the world"
If there were "to appear in the world" "a perfectly sane man"

If "someone of the sort we are describing" were "to come"
If there were "someone of the sort we are describing" "coming"
If there were "to come" "someone of the sort we are describing"

If "only one dollar of riskless assets" were "to exist
If there were "only one dollar of riskless assets" "existing"
If there were "to exist" "only one dollar of riskless assets"

上面的例句對照一下公式看熟了後,我們來看我們在討論的句子
If there were only boys left tomorrow
你會發現這是一個
If there were + N. + p.p.
名詞語動詞之間是被動關係,不是我們之前討論的Ving的主動
我們先把他硬改成第一個句型
If only boys were to leave,
這句子很明顯主動的leave,語意上完全走掉,錯掉
你老師造的句子:
If there were to leave only boys
語意是跟上面那個完全一樣的
他可能把to leave後面的only 當做 to leave 的受詞來想
但這是不對的,這句是倒裝結構
其語意是N.+to leave 的主動語意

結論就是,因為該例子的名詞跟動詞之間關係是被動
你們老師這樣造是錯誤的
若真的很喜歡倒裝的句構,可以這樣造
If there were to be only boys = If there were to exist only boys

可能扯太遠了,希望有解答到你的疑或

Shao

補充對照給你:
If there were to leave only boys
=If there were only boys leaving
=If only boys were to leave
如果只有男生離開的話<-變這個語意

Si

were後面直接加Bing是分詞搆句嗎?

Shao

對,名詞後面直接連現在分詞Ving,表主動
The girl running = The girl who is running

Si

了解 謝謝你的耐心回覆😉😉

留言
News
【IG直播懶人包】十大科目筆記方法分享
【開學必讀】準高中、準大學生必知二三事
【筆記方法】國文筆記怎麼做,三個超強筆記方法大公開