In the "New England winter of 1891, it was too cold to "exercise outside.
James Naismith, a Canadian college teacher, wanted to give his students a
game to play inside. He tied two fruit baskets to the walls of the school's
gym. Then, he gave the young men a soccer ball to throw into the baskets.
At first, the students got too excited at the new game, and they began
hurting each other. So James "created some rules. For example, he said that
the players could not push or hit each other. He also made another important
change Because he was tired of taking the ball out of the baskets after every
score, he cut holes in the bottom of the baskets. Then he made a list of 13
simple rules and called the new game "basket ball."
James shared the rules with other teachers. Basketball soon became
popular in North America because it was fun, easy to learn, and could be
played anywhere. Both boys' and girls' basketball teams began playing all
over America and Canada. Basketball has become one of the world's most
popular sports, but even now the 13 rules from 1891 are part of the game.
(注)* New England ニューイングランド (米国北東部6州から成る地域)
exercise 運動する create 〜を生み出す, 考案する
問 次の英文を完成させるのに最も適当なものを, ①~④から1つ選べ。
James made changes to his new game 85
to make it more exciting
to make it safer for players
3 to play it in the summer
4 to have smaller teams
問2 次の英文の質問の答えとして最も適当なものを, ①~④から1つ選べ。
What is true about basketball?
It started as an outdoor game.
It was difficult to learn at first.
was first played by girls
4 It still uses James's rules.
2021 Ⅰ秋ベーシック [英語]