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OFFERING ROBES m or "PHA PA means clothes forest Money tree During the feast called "PHA PA", money is given to restore the temple buildings but also to get funds to build new buildings. Such tree is called money tree The "PHA PA ceremony can happen at any time in the year. On the contrary "THOT KATHIN" ceremony only happens once a year and just after the end of the rain retreat. The name "PHA PA" can be translated to "clothes forest. A long time ago, monks only wear clothes made from old rags of dead people. So faithful people sometimes placed clothes on the tree branches in the forest. That is the origin of the "PHA PA ceremony. Directions: Answer these questions about Thot Khathin and Thot Pha Pa. 1. What is Kathin? 2. How long are the robes of Buddhist monks cut ? 3. Who would make Kathin robes in the olden times ? 4. When is a period of four weeks? 5. What is the key thing presented to monks in Thot Khathin and Thot Pha Pa? 6. When is Thot Khathin held? 7. When is Thot Pha Pa held? 8. What are presented to monks in the temples on Thot Khathin ceremony? 9. What is the Pha Pa money used for ? 10. What is junju' called in English? 11. What is th' called in English ? 12. What is the origin of the Pha Pa ceremony? 13. Why is it called Thot Pha Pa? 14. Can you tell about the difference between Thot PhaPa' and 'Thot Khathin'?
Penengah Worksheet Thod Kathina & Thod Pha Pa What is Kathina? "Kathin" is a Pall word for the wooden frame used to measure length and width by which the robes of Buddhist monks are cut, approximately 2-by 1-meters (originally five by three sok, or 2.5 by 1.5 metres), hence called Kathin robe. In the olden times, monks would make Kathin robes by themselves by sewing together pieces of discarded cloth and dying it. More recently, Kathin robes are sold ready-made. It has become a tradition to present monks with Kathin robes upon the ending of the Buddhist Lent, during which monks are staying inside their temple compound. During a period of four weeks, starting upon the first night of the waning moon of the 11th month and ending with the first night of the waning moon of the 12th month. According to Dhamma precepts, any disciplined monk with older robes than others would be chosen by the monk assembly to receive presents of Kathin robes. Following tradition, Buddhist believers would place Kathin robes before the monks citing the Pali words of offering. This rite is known as Thot Kathin. #30204 5 Unit 1 Festivals Jeau iequam qua THOD KATHIN ROBES OFFERING CEREMONY (KATHINA) Following the end of Buddhist Lent (Awk Phansa) new robes and offerings are made to the monkhood as part of the annual thod kathin or kathina ceremony. This ceremony often involves a procession of lay-people walking along a pre-arranged route to their designated temple whilst carrying the new robes. The procession will sometimes be headed by monks from the temple. There is no specific day for this to happen and will depend on arrangements at individual temples, but the kathin ceremonies are only allowed take place within a one-month period from the end of Buddhist Lent. During this time, awk phanse it is common to see processions and ceremonies for thod khatin at various temples around Thailand. The robes offering is a chance for Thai Buddhists to make merit and temple grounds become venues for traditional dancers, music and food stalls. In Bangkok, there is the Royal Thod Kathin ceremony also known as Kathina Luang attended by members of the Thai royal family. MAKING MERIT In addition to offering robes other ways of making merit (thambun) include financial donations to the temple (often on a money tree) and building materials for the upkeep of the wat. The word 'thod' refers to making an offering to a monk whilst kathin' refers to an embroidery frame. In days gone by, individual pieces of cloth would be sewn together on the kathin to make a new robe which would then be dyed a shade of saffron before being presented to a monk. Each temple in Thailand is only allowed to accept the kathin robes once a year and the robes are donated to the temple in general rather than any particular monk. W N